If each human brain had only one synapse– corresponding to a monumental stupidity – we would be capable of only two mental states; 21 = 2. If we had two synapses, then 22 = 2×2 = 4 states; three synapses, then 23 = 2x2x2 = 8, and, in general for N synapses, 2N states. [However,] the human brain is characterized by [over 100 billion neurons and each having anywhere from two connections per brain cell to gradually approaching over 64 synaptic connections per neuron]. Thus the number of different states of a human brain is 2 raised to this power – i.e., multi-plied by itself ten trillion times. This is an unimaginably large number, far greater, for example, than the total [known] number of elementary particles (electrons and protons) in the universe. … [Therefore there must be an enormous number of mental configurations that have never been entered or even glimpsed by nearly all human beings in the history of mankind, with the exception of a microscopic handful.
Quote from book: The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence (1977) by Carl Sagan, where he combines the fields of anthropology, evolutionary biology, psychology, and computer science to give a perspective of how human intelligence evolved.
On a Long Enough Timeline,
the Survival Rate for Everyone Rises to Infinity”
A man said to the universe,”
“Sir, I exist!”
“However,” replied the universe,
“The fact has not created in me
A sense of obligation.”
— Stephen Crane
Fig. Exponential Growth Vortex (Similar to Cauchy-Lorentz) in 2D